The philosophy behind permaculture is one of working with, rather than against, nature;
of protracted and thoughtful observation rather than protracted and thoughtless action;
of looking at systems in all their functions, rather than asking only one yield of them;
and allowing systems to demonstrate their own evolution.
Permaculture is an approach to designing human settlements and perennial agricultural systems that mimics the relationships found in natural ecologies. It was first developed practically by Austrian farmer Sepp Holzer on his own farm in the early 1960s and then theoretically developed by Australians Bill Mollison and David Holmgren and their associates during the 1970s in a series of publications. -.wikipedia.org
It is a theory of ecological design which seeks to develop sustainable human settlements and agricultural systems, by attempting to model them on natural ecosystems.
Permaculture draws from several other disciplines including organic farming, agroforestry, sustainable development, Landcare and applied ecology. "The primary agenda of the movement has been to assist people to become more self reliant through the design and development of productive and sustainable gardens and farms. The design principles which are the conceptual foundation of permaculture were derived from the science of systems ecology and study of pre-industrial examples of sustainable land use." 
Permaculture as a systematic method was developed by Australians Bill Mollison and David Holmgren during the 1970s. The word "permaculture" originally referred to "permanent agriculture", but was expanded to also stand for "permanent culture" as it was seen that social aspects were integral to a truly sustainable system. Mollison has described permaculture as "a philosophy of working with, rather than against nature; of rotracted and thoughtful observation rather than premature and thoughtless labor; and of looking at plants and animals in all their functions, rather than treating any area as asingle project system."
*Diagram 3* was produced after a lot of research as a before map of a clients vineyard and dwelling area in a PDC *Permaculture Design Certificate* There was also the after diagram produced and a sectors map. All drawings are to scale and they require a lot of work. Most PDC's are called Intensives and the reason for it is that originally the course was designed to be presented over 15 full days, but it was too expensive. So it was shortened to 10 days or 72 hours and is intensive.
This is a list of subjects covered in a PDC :-
Topics covered include:
• Theory and principles of permaculture
• Methods of design
• Understanding patterns in nature
• Water harvesting and management
• Trees & their energy transactions
• Eco-friendly house placement and design
• Energy efficient architecture
• Energy conservation techniques for cold climates • Earthworks & their use in earth repair • Soils • Soil rehabilitation and erosion control • Organic food production • Livestock • Aquaculture • Ecological pest control
• Humid Tropics • The temperate climates • Humid cool climates • Dry lands
• Strategies for urban and rural settings • Recycling and waste management • Right livelihood • Catastrophe preparedness and prevention • Money and finance • Ethical investment • Bio regional organisation • Legal strategies and trusts
• Effective working groups • Effective aid